Dolmen's Health & Safety Policy

SAFETY HEALTH & WELFARE STATEMENT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Statement of Health and Safety Policy

SECTION 1: RESPONSIBILITIES

1.1 Statement of Personal Responsibilities
1.2 Responsibility of the Owner
1.3 Responsibility of Contracts Managers/Site Agents
1.4 Responsibility of Safety Officer
1.5 Responsibilities of Employees
1.6 Responsibilities of First Aiders
1.7 Responsibilities of Sub-Contractors and Self-Employed Persons

SECTION 2: ARRANGEMENTS

2.1 Safety Inspections
2.2 Safe Systems of Work
2.3 Safety Induction Training
2.4 Other Training
2.5 Supervision of Third Parties, Suppliers and Visitors
2.6 Preventative Maintenance of Plant and Equipment
2.7 Protective Clothing and Equipment
2.8 A Safe and Healthy Working Environment
2.9 Welfare Facilities
2.10 Emergency Plans and Procedures
2.11 Accident Reporting and Reporting of Dangerous Occurrences
2.12 Material Hazard Data Sheets
2.13 Method Statements

SECTION 3: HAZARDS, RISKS AND CONTROLS

3.1 Falsework/Formwork & Concrete Placement
3.2 Angle Grinders and Consaws
3.3 Hand and Power Tools
3.4 Mechanical Lifting
3.5 Working at Heights
3.6 Manual Handling
3.7 Temporary Electric’s
3.8 Temporary Lighting
3.9 Scaffolding
3.10 Housekeeping
3.11 Ladders
3.12 Noise
3.13 Pneumatic Power Tools
3.14 Cartridge Tools
3.15 Excavations
3.16 Interaction of Public Traffic and Site Works
3.17 Plant & Machinery
3.18 Transport Vehicles
3.19 Concrete Pipe Laying
3.20 Demolition/Refurbishment
3.21 Confined Spaces

APPENDICES

Appendix A-L Assorted Relevant Training, P.P.E. and Accident, Fire and Emergency Procedure forms.

STATEMENT OF HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY

The Policy of Dolmen Contracting is to comply with the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005, the General Application Regulations 2007, The Noise Regs 2006, Working at Height Regs 2006 and the Construction Regulations 2006), and to ensure so far as is reasonably practicable the Safety, Health and Welfare of all its employees and further to ensure that persons not in its employment, who may be effected by its activities, are not thereby exposed to risks to their safety.
We are committed to securing the safety of all persons. We will provide the necessary resources, structures and procedures that are required to safeguard them against the risks arising from activities in the workplace,
It is the strict duty of all employees to conform to company safety policy practices and to carry out their responsibilities in accordance with any relevant legislation. Those with specific responsibilities for safety, health and welfare must ensure their responsibilities are properly delegated in their absence.
All those who authorise work must ensure the safety, health and welfare of all persons involved, directly or indirectly.
The Owner gives full backing to this policy and will support all who implement it.
We recognise the important contributions that employees can make to the implementation of this policy, and therefore are committed to maintaining effective communications on Health and Safety matters, taking into account any representations made by them.
This Safety Statement shall, be brought to the attention of, and made accessible to all company employees, sub-contractors and visitors so that they will know and understand their responsibilities as detailed in it and the co-operation required from all to achieve a "Safe place of work".
Important:
Any additional hazards specific to a particular site, which are not included in the main body of the safety statement, will be found in Appendix A

SECTION 1

RESPONSIBILITIES

1.1 STATEMENT OF PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

The co-operation of all levels of employees is required to ensure a safe place of work is established and maintained. It is a strict duty, therefore, that employees at all levels of the company comply with the Company Safety Statement and carry out their responsibilities as detailed in the relevant pages of this document. To ensure successful implementation of the Safety Statement certain members of this organisation will have specific responsibilities, which must be properly delegated in their absence. The names of the people with specific responsibilities are listed on the coversheet attached to each copy of the Safety Statement.

1.2 RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER

Kevin Heffernan
He Shall:
(Reference: Section 6, 2005 Health, Safety and Welfare At Work Act)
a) Ensure that an effective Safety Statement exists within the Company and take responsibility for its implementation.
b) Ensure that adequate resources of time, personnel and finance are available for the effective implementation of the Safety Statement.
c) Make all provisions for safety at planning, estimating and tender stages.
d) Make safety a priority, and show a good example by having it high on the agenda at management meetings and when visiting or supervising work on site.
e) Ensure that all personnel at management level enforce the Safety, Health and Welfare standards as set out in the Company Safety Statement.
f) Direct and support the work of the Safety, Health and Welfare Officer.
g) Ensure all accidents and dangerous occurrences are thoroughly investigated, cause identified and prevention procedures put in place.
h) Ensure that adequate arrangements exist for employees to make representations on matters of Safety, Health and Welfare.
i) Inform insurance company of any accidents likely to lead to a claim.
j) Inform the Health and Safety Authority (HSA) of any accident where an employee is off work for more than three days.
k) Ensure that all risks are insured especially in relation to injuries to employees, members of the public and loss or damage to company property.
l) Review insurance and claims records periodically and make changes deemed necessary.
m) Ensure that an evaluation of the extent to which the Safety Statement was put into effect is included in the Company’s Annual Report.
n) Obtain where necessary, the services of a competent person to advise on safety and health if such expertise is not available within the company.
o) Review the effectiveness of the Company Safety Statement annually and ensure that it is modified as necessary.
p) Ensure that any additional hazards that apply to a particular site, that are not included in the main body of the Safety Statement are identified and inserted in Appendix A.

1.3 RESPONSIBILITIES OF CONTRACTS MANAGERS/SITE FOREMAN

a) Acquire a full and accurate knowledge and understanding of the Safety Statement and ensure that all employees, self-employed and sub-contractors are made aware of their responsibilities under it.
b) Prior to commencement of work on each site, access whether the contract can be carried out in a safe and efficient manner, with regard to site conditions, layout and hazardous surroundings.
c) Ensure all sub-contractors make available a copy of their Safety Statement and agree to operate under the requirements of the Company Safety Statement while operating on site.
d) Ensure so far as reasonably practicable that safe systems of work are in place and adequate supervision is provided at all times.
e) Maintain a tidy workplace and carry out regular clean-ups.
f) Ensure that all access routes, walkways and doorways are clean and free of trip hazards.
g) Issue any personal protective equipment such as harnesses, helmets, safety boots, gloves, earmuffs, and dust masks to employees as is necessary.
h) Ensure that all sub-contractors personnel are issued with it by their employer.
i) Enforce the wearing of such equipment for all on site.
j) Perform a safety check on scaffolding after it is erected or altered and every seven days over the duration of the job.
k) Perform a safety check on all electrical equipment, hand tools, and site equipment and machinery on a regular basis and at least once a week.
l) Ensure all accidents are recorded in the Company Accident Report Book and persons receive proper medical attention and/or first aid.
m) Ensure that First Aid Box is fully stocked.
n) Investigate any serious accident and report to the Managing Director.
o) Ensure that all sub-contractors comply with this safety statement and safety procedures.
p) Instruct all employees in safe use of tools and equipment and general safe work practices.
q) Ensure that all visitors are issued with helmet and boots (if necessary) and accompanied while on site.
r) Ensure that unauthorised access by children is considered on all sites and that works or equipment is made as safe as is reasonably practicable.

1.4 RESPONSIBILITIES OF SAFETY OFFICER

He/ She Shall:
(Reference Part 3 Section 10, and Regulation 9 of the 20006 Construction Regulations)
a) Be familiar with the relevant Safety and Health, legislation that affects the types of construction work being carried out.
b) Have the ability to identify hazards and assess risks on construction sites.
c) Be capable of advising both the managing director and site agent on the most appropriate control measures and safe systems of work in order to minimise risk.
d) Monitor all aspects of safety and health in the company.
e) Advise the Managing Director on the implementation of this statement and on any revisions required.
f) Carry out periodic site audits and document findings for management.
g) Advise management on Laws, Regulations and Directives which impinge on company activities.
h) Advise on and monitor statutory tests on plant and equipment.
i) Provide for Site Managers/Foremen, the accident record book and other statutory forms for each site.
j) Monitor accidents/dangerous occurrences on sites and provide regular reports to the Managing director with advice on remedial action.
k) Provide or organise training courses to meet identified needs.
l) Liase with the appointed Safety Representative on matters relating to health and safety.
m) Monitor compliance with ‘hard hat’ policy and on type of protective equipment/clothing required.
n) Consult the Health and Safety Authority when required.
o) Meet the HSA Inspector on visits to the company workplace.
p) Advise the Managing Director on action required where improvement, prohibition notices or prohibition orders have been served on the company.
q) Investigate any reportable accident and advise the Managing Director on position regarding the injured party, potential claims, insurance or HSA implications.
r) Arrange for suitable First Aid boxes to be properly stocked for each site.
s) Arrange for training of suitable employees on First Aid. (Reference: Regulation 56, 1993 General Applications)
t) Prepare quarterly and annual reports on the management of Safety and Health in the company and on performance in endeavouring to reduce the number of accidents and improving house-keeping and efficiency on sites.

1.5 RESPONSIBILITIES OF EMPLOYEES

Employees shall:
(Reference Section 9, 2005 Health, Safety and Welfare at Work Act, Regulation 14b) and 14c) 2006 Construction Regulations)
a) Take reasonable care of their own safety, health and welfare and that of any other person that may be affected by their acts or omission while at work.
b) Familiarise themselves with and always conform to, the company safety, health and welfare policy as detailed in the Company Safety Statement.
c) Observe all safety rules and co-operate with their employer to comply with any of the relevant statutory regulations and directives.
d) Report any dangerous plant or machinery or any defect in their place of work. They shall also report any unsafe system of work which may endanger the health or safety of themselves or those around them.
e) Use any personal protective clothing or equipment in such a manner so as to provide the protection intended for securing their safety, health and welfare.
f) Conform to all instructions given by the Safety, Health and Welfare Officer and others with responsibility for safety, health and welfare.
g) Use only as intended the correct tools and equipment for the jobs, with all the appropriate safety devices and keep tools in good condition.
h) Report all accidents and damage to their supervisor without delay, whether persons are injured or not.
i) Direct any suggestions or concerns on matters of safety and health to theirsafety officer or safety representative.
Employees shall not:
a) Carry out any tasks, which they feel they are not competent to carry out or which involves unreasonably high risks.
b) Intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse any appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or things provided in pursuance of any of the relevant statutory provisions or otherwise for securing the Safety, Health and Welfare of persons arising out of work activities.

1.6 RESPONSIBILITES OF FIRST AIDERS

First Aiders shall:
a) Hold a certificate awarded by a recognised body, (i.e. Order of Malta or Red Cross). Their training must include dealing with accidents resulting from specific hazards in their place of work.
b) Have a working knowledge and understanding of the Company Safety Statement and statutory regulations.
c) Have a full knowledge of requirements for first aid facilities and keep first aid boxes fully stocked.
d) Offer advice to all other employees regarding first aid.
e) Assess an injury and arrive at a diagnosis.
f) Give immediate and adequate treatment, bearing in mind that a casualty may have more than one injury and that some injuries may require more urgent attention that others.
g) Arrange without delay for medical assistance according to the seriousness of his/her condition.

1.7 RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUB-CONTRACTORS AND SELF-EMPLOYEDPERSONS

The self-employed and sub-contractor are controlled by the same Safety, Health and Welfare Regulations, and are legally and morally obliged to safeguard the health and safety of themselves and of others affected by their activities.
All sub-contractors, whether providing, materials and labour, or labour only, are considered to be self-employed and have the following legal and moral responsibilities.
a) To take all precautions, so far as is practicable, to avoid any risk caused to themselves, or anyone else who may be affected by their acts or omissions.
b) Provide full and clear information to those who may be affected by their work activities, so as to minimise their exposure to risk.
c) Advise and warn any public persons (third party) who may be exposed to a dangerous situation resulting from their activities.
d) Provide their Safety Statement, familiarise themselves and comply with the clients Safety Statement and co-operate on all safety, health and welfare matters.
e) Produce evidence when requested, showing Employers Liability and Public Liability Insurance appropriate to the scope of work that is in place.

SECTION 2

ARRANGEMENTS

2.1 SAFETY INSPECTIONS

Safety Inspections:
Inspections directed towards the elimination of possible hazards are basic to accident prevention and are the responsibility of all company employees. The major responsibility is assigned to Management, Site Agents, Safety Representatives, Insurance and Company Safety Inspectors. The continuing inspections are the responsibility of Site Management Personnel and are general in nature covering all activities and all possible hazards.
Periodic safety audits are carried out by the Safety Officer and may be general workplace inspections, specific hazard inspections or for accident investigation. Conditions are constantly changing, materials are moved, stockpiles are depleted, waste materials accumulate, machinery wears, changed in layout, additions of equipment, wear and tear of floors can all cause different working conditions.
Safety inspections are a means of identifying and appraising the problems of unsafe conditions and work practices which result from these changes. Unsafe working conditions and methods are continually identified, analysed and the appropriate corrective action taken.
Any operatives found to be exposed to risk during such inspections are informed immediately of such risks. This clarifies points, provides immediate opportunity to rectify unsafe conditions or practices and difficulties are ironed out before written inspection findings are compiled for Management.

2.2 SAFE SYSTEMS OF WORK

The use of sound and tested systems provides for success in business and sound systems for success in safety is no different. To get work done safely a "safe system of work" is needed. In developing safe systems of work both aspects are considered together i.e. health and safety in connection with people, machines, substances and environment.
Health risks are less obvious than safety hazards but are just as important. Once the risks are identified, safe systems of work provide adequate protection against them and workers are encouraged to keep to them.
Checklist to Ensure Safe Systems of Work:
a) Ensure a competent person is put in charge of the job.
b) Ensure their responsibilities do not overlap with those of anyone else.
c) Make sure there is no element overlooked which is not analysed for potential hazards to be eliminated.
d) Use any established, tried and tested methods of doing the job.
e) Use any relevant codes of practice or guidance notes.
f) Comply with safe working procedures laid down for the job.
g) Ensure protective clothing and equipment is used where necessary.
h) Ensure all are instructed in its use and limitations.
i) Assess whether equipment, tools or machines have the capacity and are suitable for the job.
j) Assess how the person in charge will deal with problems.
k) Are personnel aware of emergency procedures and could emergency services get to the work place in acceptable time.

2.3 SAFETY INDUCTION TRAINING

Dolmen Contracting recognise that all new employees need induction training covering safety and other topics. New people are the greatest risk. They are unfamiliar with their working environment and don’t know the specific hazards of the site. They may never have had basic safety training before. We realise that through ignorance, they may create a hazard for the existing workforce. We feel that it is important to train them before they pick up any bad habits.
Workers are prepared and trained for their working environment through the following training given by the Safety Manager.
a) Given an understanding of the Company Safety Statement and their responsibilities under it.
b) Notified of the risks involved in their own job and on the construction site in general together with the precautions necessary to prevent accidents.
c) Made aware of their responsibilities as employees to ensure their own safety and the safety of those affected by their activities.
d) Issued with personal protective equipment and made clear that it must be worn/used where deemed necessary.
e) Given details of hours of work, shifts, overtime, holidays, wages, deductions, etc.
f) Made aware of all company rules i.e. safety, housekeeping, working attire, breaches of discipline, use of company property, timekeeping, absenteeism, reporting of accidents, illnesses, smoking, alcohol/drug policy, etc. (See Appendix F)
g) Introduction to fellow workers.
h) Given a tour of the construction site, cautioned on any hazards that exist and have welfare facilities pointed out.
i) Made aware of Emergency Procedures, First Aid Facilities, location and person trained in First Aid.
It is a mistake to assume that induction is complete at the end of the first day. Induction is tailored to the needs of the individual by the Supervisor with care taken so that too much is not given too soon. Proper induction will minimise the anxiety of starting a new job, provide confidence and motivation and plays an important part in accident prevention. A record of all inductions are kept in the Safety Training Record (see appendix 1).

2.4 OTHER TRAINING

First Aid Courses
These courses are arranged by the Contracts/Safety Manager to ensure that a trained First Aider is available at all times, to all employees on all sites, as far as reasonably practicable.
Forklift/Teleporter Driver
Any person required to operate a forklift truck will have received instruction and training by attending a forklift/teleporter drivers’ training course. This course is given by a specialist training consultant and is arranged by the Safety Manager.
Toolbox Training
Toolbox training continuing program of reinforcement of correct working practices at spaced interval increases the probability of the worker performing in the prescribed manner. Therefore, training is performed at regular intervals for small groups of operators with common interest and tasks. These "toolbox meetings" are more effective than training in a large unrelated mixed group. The topics for these toolbox sessions are related directly to the employees’ tasks and will be carried out by the Safety Manager/Site Agent.
Other Specialist Training
Other specialist training will be provided such as manual handling and scaffolding erection training when needed.. A record of all types of training is kept in the Safety Training Record (see Appendix G)

2.5 SUPERVISION OF THIRD PARTIES, SUPPLIERS AND VISITORS

Visitors:
a) All visitors must report to the Site Office before proceeding to work areas.
b) All visitors will be issued with personal protective equipment and will sign the visitors register.
c) All visitors are accompanied at all times by Company Personnel and all warning signs, directions and company safety rules must be followed at all times.
d) Visitors must not enter any work areas unless authorised to do so by Site Agent/Safety Manager.
e) Visitors must not interfere with company property and report any incidents or accidents immediately to the Safety Manager/ Site Agent.
f) Visitors must return all safety equipment before leaving and sign out in the visitors register.
Suppliers and Delivery of Equipment and Materials:
a) Directional signs are provided for material delivery and suppliers.
b) All suppliers will be informed of the company safety rules regarding wearing of personal protective equipment before they deliver to the workshop and will be required to wear them when entering the premises.
c) All suppliers will be supervised at all times while on the company premises and will adhere to all instructions given and abide by safety rules and regulations.
d) Any suppliers found in breach of the safety rules and regulations will not be allowed continue his delivery. His Supervisors are then informed of the breach.

2.6 PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE OF PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

The future of any machine and the safety of those who use it depends on good maintenance procedures.
Planned preventative maintenance is by far the best scheme and will be implemented for the following reasons.
a) Pre-planned maintenance avoids a breakdown of any moving part and should reduce risk to all employees.
b) Maintenance records for planned maintenance work provides a cohesive record of machine workload, repairs, replacements, and requirements for discontinuation of obsolete parts of machines.
c) Maintenance of all safety devices, guards and trip devices is essential to ensure the safety of machine operators.
d) A safe machine provides the operative with a safety job free from hazards, injury or unsafe working conditions.

2.7 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT

Our company accepts that this equipment is the last line of defence between the workmen and the hazard. Therefore, personal protective equipment will only be provided where risks to health and safety cannot be avoided or sufficiently limited by technical means of collective protection or by measures or procedures of work organisation.
Duty of Employer Section 6(2)(f) of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 states: "In circumstances in which it is not reasonably practicable for an employer to control or eliminate hazards in a place of work under his control, or in such circumstances as may be prescribed, the provision and maintenance of such suitable protective clothing or equipment as appropriate that are necessary to ensure the Safety and Health that work of his employee will be the duty of the Employer".
Duty of Employee Section 9(1)(c) of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 20005 states: "To use in such a manner so as to provide the protection intended, any suitable appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or thing provided (whether for his own use alone or for use by him in common with others) for securing his Safety, Health and Welfare at work".
Standard of Personal Protective Equipment
In Section 3 of this document "Hazards, Risks and Control Arrangements", each hazard has been identified, the risks assessed and control procedures developed and outlined. These control procedures may involve the wearing of personal protective equipment.
This equipment shall be of a recognised international standard and may be as follows:
a) Eye Protection - Safety Glasses to BS 2092.2 - Safety Goggles to BS2029.1
b) Face Protection- Clear Face Shield to BS 2029.1
c) Foot Protection- Safety Boots to BS 1870.1
d) Respirators/Dust Masks - To BS 4275 with relevant P Factors for application
Maintenance, Replacement and Issue
a) All personal protective equipment is issued for personal use and that person will be responsible for maintaining his equipment in a hygienic condition and in good working order.
b) All equipment is checked and examined on delivery and before issue, and all defective equipment returned to supplier immediately.
c) All equipment is maintained in good order while in stores and stored in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.
d) All employees are instructed in use and adjustment of equipment before issue and employees must sign for issue of all equipment.(See Appendix H Personal Protective Equipment Issue Record, and Appendix I Harness Register Inspection Form)
e) All equipment is for use on company premises and will be issued without expense to the employee.
f) All used and worn equipment is returned to stores before the issue of new equipment in order to control issue and disposal of equipment.

2.8 A SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKING ENVIRONMENT

a) Local exhaust ventilation is provided, used and maintained for extraction of dust, fumes and harmful gases at source.
b) Access walkways are maintained free of trip hazards and obstructions at all times.
c) Emergency exits and emergency lighting is maintained in good working order and free of obstructions.
d) General work lighting is provided to an approved lighting standard for the job or work task and is maintained in good working order.
e) Machine controls and/or instruments are designed and arranged for best control and to minimise risks from posture or movement.
f) Outside work areas are satisfactory lit for work and access during hours of darkness.
g) Hearing protection is worn in areas where noise exceeds 85dba.

2.9 WELFARE FACILITIES

It is our policy to provide good welfare facilities for the workers on our sites to help boost the morale of the workers. Contented workers work better and safer.
Canteen Facilities
Where practicable taking numbers and duration into consideration.
Site accommodation will be provided which will be included a canteen containing the following: a) Suitable tables with a surface that can be washed down, cleaned and maintained in a hygienic state.
b) Suitable seating with adequate back support for sitting on.
c) A tea boiler or electric kettle.
d) A person is assigned with the responsibility for the upkeep and maintenance of this facility in a clean, tidy and hygienic condition.
Accommodation for Changing and Drying of Work Clothing
a) Adequate and suitable changing facilities with minimum of 2sq ft per person is provided.
b) Clothes hooks will be provided in the storage container/port-a-cabin for hanging up clothes.
c) Adequate heaters will be supplied to dry damp clothes and kept at a safe distance from clothes to prevent them from catching fire.
Toilets and Washing Facilities
a) Proper toilet facilities will be supplied with sewer connection where possible, of adequate number to accommodate all workers on site.
b) Washing facilities will be provided with hot and cold water.
c) Soap will be of a type that is recommended for an industrial premises and will not harm the skin or cause the skin to be exposed to dermatitis.
d) A suitable means of drying hands is provided.
e) Adequate natural ventilation is provided for sanitary facility.
f) All facilities will be maintained in a hygienic condition, cleaned and maintained on a regular basis.
First Aid Facilities
First Aid facilities and an occupational First Aider are required under Regulation 56 of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulation 1993 to render treatment and maintain required records.
First Aid is the approved method of treating a casualty until he is placed, if necessary, in the care of a doctor or removed to hospital. First Aid treatment is given to a casualty to:
- sustain life - prevent his condition from becoming worse - promote his recovery
a) Occupational First Aider – there will be at least one qualified occupational first aid person in the premises whose name is posted up in the work area.
b) Qualification of First Aider – each First Aider will have attended a recognised first aid training course by an approved authority (i.e. Order of Malta), and hold a recognised first aid certificate and attend refresher courses as and when required to uphold his certificate.
c) First Aid Facilities – an adequate number of first aid boxes will be provided and kept stocked. Boxes will be clearly marked, signposted and controlled by the occupational First Aider in order to ensure that proper treatment is given and all accidents/injuries are recorded.

2.10 EMERGENCY PLANS AND PROCEDURES

Under the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 the company has the following responsibilities:
SECS6 (1)"It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practical, the Safety, Health and Welfare At Work of all his employees without prejudice to the generality of employees duty under subsection 1". SECS6 (2)"The preparation and revision, where necessary, of adequate plans to be followed in emergencies".
Purpose of Emergency Plans and Procedures
The purpose of emergency plans and procedures is in the event of an emergency to:
a) Outline generally the procedure to be followed and the functions to be undertaken by the company staff.
b) Outline Company telephone numbers of all external agencies and authorities who may be required to assist during an emergency.
Hazards with Potential to Cause an Emergency
All hazards are outlined, risks assessed and the control procedures dealt with in the next section of this document. However, the hazards with potential to cause major emergencies are: - Fire Hazards - Storage of Flammable Liquids/Paints
Emergency Procedures
Emergency procedures have been developed for all of the above hazards outlining and action outlined to be taken during an emergency.
These emergency procedures will be posted up at every place of work in relevant areas pertaining to the hazard.
a) Fire hazard (see Appendix D Fire Evacuation and Emergency Procedure)
b) Flammable liquids storage.
Emergency Response
Response time during any emergency is vital and therefore a list of emergency telephone numbers is posted up inside the Site Agent’s Office and the site canteen. (See Appendix B).
Accidents
The accident reporting procedure is posted up in all workplaces. (Appendix C)
First Aid
First aid facilities are clearly signed, names of first aid persons are posted up on emergency procedures and their location, and first aid guidelines and C.P.R. posters are posted up at first aid boxes.

2.11 ACCIDENT REPORTING AND REPORTING OF DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES

Accidents are seen as failures by this organisation. Everything must be done to prevent re-occurrences, as statistics show that 70% of all accidents could have been predicted and therefore, could have been prevented through accident investigation and identification of causation.
An Accident is any unexpected, unforeseen or unplanned occurrence that interrupts or interferes with orderly progression of an activity.
A Dangerous Occurrence is: an occurrence which occurs at the place of work as specified in Schedule Twelve of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulations 1993.
Notification of Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences
a) All serious accidents and dangerous occurrences will be notified under Regulation 59 of SI No. 44 1993 to the Health and Safety Authority by the Contracts/Safety Manager on the Accident Report Form and Dangerous Occurrences Form respectively (see Appendix C).
b) As a summary of Regulation 59 of SI No. 44 1993, the following accidents or incidents are reportable as above: due to any injury received at work a person dies or is prevented from performing his manual work for more than three days (excluding the day of the accident but including any holiday or weekend). Any other person who is not at work but as a result of an accident related to a place of work or work activity dies or receives an injury resulting in that person requiring medical treatment (i.e. injury to a member of the public or other contractor or sub-contractor). A dangerous occurrence as to the Twelfth Schedule SI No. 44 1993.
Reporting and investigating incidents, injury and disease on site
A near miss is an undesired event in the workplace that under slightly different circumstances could have resulted in injury or disease. Incidents are sometimes referred to as ‘free lessons’ in safety. Near misses provide a warning of uncontrolled hazards in the workplace and must be dealt with at source. This is why we believe the reporting of incidents is as important as the reporting of accidents. We will ensure there is an adequate procedure for reporting injury, disease and incidents, and in particular:
a) We will look at what incidents are recurring in a particular workplace and take steps to prevent these incidents from re-occurring.
b) We will introduce quarterly reviews of accidents/incident data to pinpoint the main causes of accidents/incidents, which are occurring on site.
Accident Reporting Procedure
a) All accidents are reported to the Site Agent/Safety Manager without unreasonable delay.
b) All injuries received at work are recorded in the site accident book located in the Safety Manager's office.
c) All serious accidents and dangerous occurrences are reported to the Safety Manager immediately.
d) The Safety Manager will fill in the Company Accident Report Form after a full investigation of all serious accidents, reportable accidents and dangerous occurrences. A copy will be forwarded to the Managing Director.
e) The Safety Manager will notify the Health and Safety Authority on the Standard Approved Accident Report Form or Dangerous Occurrence Report Form (See Appendices L and M)
f) In the case of a death resulting from an accident or injuries received at work, the Managing Director will notify the Health and Safety Authority immediately by telephone on 01-6620400 and the Duty Sergeant of the local Garda Station.
g) In the case of a serious accident or dangerous occurrence, no person shall disturb the place where it occurred or tamper with anything. The accident space will be cordoned off until all investigations by the Company, the Insurance Inspectors and the Government Inspectors have been completed.
Accident Investigations
The object of an investigation is to examine the conditions which led to the incident, and to decide what follow up is necessary to prevent a repetition. It is also conducted to provide adequate information for reporting to the statutory authority and defect of insurance claims or claims of civil action for damages against the Company.
a) The Contracts Manager will ensure that there are thorough on the spot investigations of all accidents and dangerous occurrences, not merely those that are reportable to the authorities.
b) An investigation will be held immediately by the Safety Manager, even if the person injured has to make a contribution later, and a full report made.
c) A Company Accident Investigation Report Form is completed in detail together with statements for any witness. If possible, photographs of the scene should be taken.
d) All serious accidents and dangerous occurrences must be left undisturbed (if it is safe to do so), to be fully investigated by the Company Safety Manager and the Health and Safety Authority Inspector.
e) All investigations will be analysed, causation identified, preventative measures recommended and issued to all company supervision.

2.12 MATERIAL HAZARD DATA SHEETS

A file of Material Hazard Data Sheets for materials in use on the construction site will be assembled by requesting the information from suppliers. Some data sheets are enclosed in the packaging. The Material Hazard Data Sheet for a specific material should be shown to the user at point of issue so that he/she is aware of the dangers associated with using that material (e.g. glue, resin, paint, etc).
The Material Hazard Data Sheet usually indicates:
a) Physical Data.
b) Hazardous ingredients.
c) Fire and explosion hazard data.
d) Reactivity data.
e) Spill or leak procedures.
f) Health hazard data.
g) Special protection information.
h) Special precautions - handling/storage/labelling.

2.13METHOD STATEMENTS

Any work which carries a medium to high risk of danger shall be controlled by the use of a method

SECTION 3

HAZARDS, RISKS & CONTROLS
Listed below are the general hazards associated with the different stages in construction. We have adopted the qualitative approach when designing our risk assessment.

3.1 FALSEWORK/FORMWORK & CONCRETE PLACEMENT

Hazards
a) Protruding pins/brackets in supports
b) Inadequate access/working platforms
c) Formwork inadequately supported
d) Damage to property
e) Incorrect connection of lifting tackle
f) High winds
g) Loose pump/hose fittings
h) Skin burns/eye injury
Risks - High
a) Fall from heights
b) Overpoured concrete/fall of tools or materials on public/property
c) Dislodgement of personnel, tools or materials during high winds.
d) Burns to skin from concrete additives.
e) Eye injury from scabbling tools, blow pipes, etc.
Risks - Medium
f) Sudden collapse of loaded formwork
g) Personal injury from protruding support pins or nails
h) Hose fittings coming loose causing injury to operator
i) Incorrectly secured lifting tackle to shutters, steel, etc.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Scaffolding is erected to erect column shutters and to provide platform for personnel and equipment when pouring concrete. (No climbing of column clamps).
b) Beam shuttering will have access platforms with handrails, toe boards and ladder access.
c) All materials and plant are free from defects and proper pins, etc. used in support.
d) All materials will be stored tidily at the workplace and weighted down or moved to a lower level during any high winds.
e) All personnel working with concrete will avoid contact with skin by wearing appropriate protective equipment. Any damaged footwear or gloves to be discarded and replaced immediately.
f) Eye protection is worn with scabbling tools, blowpipes, etc.
Correct connections (e.g. divi bolts) are used to connect lifting chains to shutters, bundles of steel etc. Operators working with lifting tackle will have completed a Banksman/Slingers course and be certified competent in this area.

3.2 ANGLE GRINDERS AND CONSAWS

Hazards
a) Rotating disc or blade.
b) Abrasive disc.
c) Flying sparks, dust or materials.
d) Noise.
e) Disc or blade not correctly fitted.
f) Incorrect disc used.
g) Trailing cables.
h) Electrical power.
Risks - High
a) Risk of injury to hands or other body parts due to contact with rotating blade disc.
b) Risk of disc or blade being thrown off due to incorrect mounting.
c) Risk of eye injury from sparks, dust or flying materials.
d) Risk of injury to hands and other body parts from hot sparks.
e) Risk of injury to other persons working in the area close to noise, sparks, dust or other materials.
f) Risk of electrical shock from exposed wires.
Risks - Medium
g) Risk of disc shattering due to incorrect mounting, overspeeding or incorrect use of disc (using a cutting disc to grind or vice versa).
h) Risk of noise induced hearing loss from over exposure to high noise levels.
i) Risk of fire from hot sparks.
j) Risk of tripping over trailing cables.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All persons operating angle grinders are fully instructed in safe mounting of blades and discs and safe operating of machine.
b) Equipment is in good repair and defects are repaired and faulty equipment replaced.
c) All guards are fitted and maintained in good condition.
d) All personal protective equipment such as goggles, face shields, boots, gloves and overalls are worn when necessary.
e) The correct disc is used for whatever type of material is being cut or worked on.
f) The discs or blades are mounted correctly, follow all manufacturer’s instructions.
g) The mounting nuts are not damaged and in good condition, replace if necessary.
h) The correct mounting tool or spanner is used and never over tighten as the wheel will tighten itself as it spins.
i) The spindle speed on the machine and disc are clearly marked and match up with each other.
j) A grinding disc is never used for cutting or vice versa.
k) The grinder is used at the correct angle and doesn’t get chucked causing excessive stress to the blade.
l) Care is taken to where hot sparks or flying material will go. Move any combustible material away and warn other workers in the area. Erect a welding screen around area where operators are using either welders or angle grinders.
Any trailing cables are kept tidy and away from access routes or walkways. Check leads and cables regularly for damages.

3.3 HAND AND POWER TOOLS

Hazards
a) Sharp edges
b) Electric power
c) Flying materials, metal filing’s, dust etc.
d) Hot surfaces.
e) Trailing cables.
f) Rotating chucks or blades.
g) Noise.
Risks - High
a) Risk of injury to hands and other body parts from sharp tools or edges.
b) Risk of injury to eyes from flying materials such as sparks or dust.
Risks - Medium
c) Risk of muscular strain to wrists and hands.
d) Risk of minor burns from hot surfaces.
e) Risk of electric shock from unearthed or uninsulated tools.
f) Risk of tripping over trailing cables.
g) Risk of noise induced hearing loss from over exposure to noisy equipment.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Sharp or pointed tools and equipment are stored and carried safely in tool boxes or tool belts.
b) Any defective tools or equipment are replaced immediately.
c) All electrical equipment with metal casing is properly earthed and all other tools are double insulated.
d) All cables are kept tidy and away from access routes and walkways.
e) All personal protective equipment such as safety goggles, earmuffs and gloves are worn appropriate to the equipment used.
f) All rotating blades or discs are guarded and guards maintained in good condition.
g) Power supply is disconnected before making any adjustment, changing any discs or blades.
h) Power tools are 110 voltage.
i) Steadying handles are kept on equipment at all times.
j) Manufacturer's instructions are read and fully understood before operating.
All tools and equipment are immobilised or kept out of reach of children.

3.4 HAZARDS FROM MECHANICAL LIFTING

Mechanical lifting devices include winches, slings, pulley-blocks, gin wheels, cranes, fork-lifts/teleporters.
General
Accidents with cranes and lifting appliances are caused by abuse, misuses or neglect by those who operate them and by Supervisors and others responsible for their operation.
It is people who cause accidents by ignoring or disregarding the regulations provided for safe systems of work.
Hazards
a) Lifting tackle may break allowing a heaving load to be dropped on workers.
b) Slings may slip allowing load to fall.
c) Loads may swing causing serious injury.
d) Workers may be struck by mobile crane, jib, or load, causing serious injury.
e) Workers struck by hook or block whilst being lowered or lifted.
f) Safe working load may be exceeded causing equipment to fail.
g) Equipment may come into contact with overhead power lines.
h) Cranes may overturn with tragic circumstances.
Risks - High
The risks attached to any failure of cranes or other lifting appliances are very high as many people can be seriously injured by a heavy load falling or a crane overturning.
Precautions:
a) The Construction Regulations 2006 applicable to lifting appliances are complied with. Lifting machines must be constructed, installed, protected, worked and maintained, so as to prevent damage.
b) They will be examined and tested by competent persons before being taken into use and after any substantial alterations or repairs.
c) Test certificates will be issued and the result of each examination entered on Form CR3 (for crane), CR4A (for other lifting appliances), with the permanent mark of identification and safe working load also recorded.
d) Weekly inspections of lifting appliances will be carried out by a competent person and records of such inspections entered on Form CR4B.
General Precautions:
a) Keep the test certificates for all lifting machinery and tackle showing its safe working load, and the annual or six-monthly examination reports.
b) Only use certified lifting equipment, marked with its S.W.L. (Safe Working Load) which is not overdue for examination.
c) Never exceed the S.W.L. of machines or tackle. Remember the load in the legs of a sling increases as the angle between the legs increases.
d) Never lift a load if in doubt of its weight or the inadequacy of the equipment.
e) Before lifting an unbalanced load find out its centre of gravity, raise it slightly off the ground and pause, there will be little harm if it drops.
f) Never use makeshift, damaged or badly worn equipment, chains shortened with knots, linked or twisted wire ropes, frayed or rotted fibre ropes.
g) A wire rope must not be used if more than five percent (one in twenty) of the wires can be seen to be broken in any 10 centimetre lengths.
h) All loads, irrespective of their shape or size, are slung so that their centre of gravity is immediately below the crane hook.
i) Provide suitable packing to protect slings from damage by sharp edges of loads and do not allow tackle to be damaged by being dropped or dragged from under a load.
j) Take care to avoid snatch or sudden loading, particularly in very cold weather.
k) Cranes must have correct counterweight, load radius indicator and/or automatic safe load indicator.
l) Have a fully competent slinger or banksman and use a recognised signalling system.
m) Ensure that people or loads cannot fall from a high level when using lifting machines like lifts, hoists, cranes. All personnel working in hoists or MEWP’s to be harnessed and clipped on while in the machines.
n) Never allow anyone to be carried with a load.

3.5 WORKING AT HEIGHTS - Steel Structures or Roofs

Hazards:
a) Narrow walkways.
b) Fragile roof surfaces.
c) Unprotected edges.
d) Openings in roofs/platforms.
e) High wind.
f) Surfaces made slippery by moisture, ice or snow.
Risks - High
a) Falling from height causing serious injury or death.
b) Falling objects striking people below causing serious injury.
c) Wind blowing materials or persons off roof causing serious injury or death.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) A harness is worn at all times and is connected to a secure point on the structure or if this is not practical for reasons of mobility, a safety line should be put in place.
b) Crawling boards are used where roof pitch exceeds a 30 angle.
c) If the pitch is less than 30 and provides a secure foothold, a crawling board is unnecessary.
d) All floor/roof edges where a person can fall more than 2 metres will have fixed guard rails as edge protection.
e) Materials are stacked and stored safely and are strapped down or removed during high wind.
f) All openings are securely covered and marked.
g) Area around structure is cordoned off and warning notices “Keep Clear Work Overhead” are posted.

3.6MANUAL HANDLING

Hazards
a) Heavy loads.
b) Awkward loads.
c) Using improper lifting methods.
d) Sharp or rough surfaces.
e) Hot or cold surfaces.
f) Carrying loads which obstruct carriers view.
g) Loading onto low platforms.
h) Loading onto high platforms.
i) Overreaching.
j) Repetitive movements.
k) Bending rather than squatting.
Risks – High
a) Strained back injuries.
b) Injuries to hands from sharp, rough, hot or cold surfaces.
c) Repetitive strain injury, hernias
Risks – Medium
d) Slipped disks.
e) Injury to feet and legs from dropping objects.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Mechanical lifting methods are used where possible.
b) Persons required to perform manual lifting are instructed on correct lifting methods (See rules of safe lifting).
c) All manual lifting tasks are assessed and planned to minimise risks.
d) Work areas and access routes are free of trip hazards.
e) Proper personal protective equipment such as safety boots and gloves are used.
Rules for Safe Lifting
a) Assess the work task looking at the size, weight and awkwardness of the load.
b) Assess whether mechanical lifting methods can be employed.
c) Before attempting to lift any load by any means, know where you are going to set down and ensure that the route is clear of obstructions.
d) If lifting manually and the load is too heavy, then assistance of one or more people will be needed.
e) When lifting always ensure that the heavy side is close to the body.
f) Get as close as possible to the load, this brings the lines of gravity of both the load and body as close together as possible.
g) Position your feet approximately the width of your hips apart with one foot lightly in front of the other, this provides good balance during the lift.
h) Relax your knees, lower your hands and drop down beside the load, inclining your head.
i) Check for sharp, rough, hot or cold surfaces and wear appropriate gloves.
j) Grasp the object with a firm grip, test the weight making sure it is not excessive and keep the arms as close as possible to the body.
k) Raise your head and look straight forward, this locks the cervical vertebrae and helps to keep the spine straight.
l) Move forward and about at a comfortable pace and never rush.
m) Operators should be trained in manual handling where applicable. Records of training received to be entered on the Specialised Training Record (See Appendix K)

3.7TEMPORARY ELECTRICS

Hazards
a) Live electrical current.
b) Trailing cables across access routes.
c) Damaged equipment and cables.
d) Surface water on site.
e) Overloaded sockets and cables.
Risks - High
a) Risk of serious injury or death from electric shock.
b) Risk of mechanical damage to cables trailing across site access ways and roads.
c) Risk of burns from contact with live electric equipment.
Risks - Medium
d) Risk of injury from tripping over trailing cables.
e) Risk of fire from overloaded equipment or cables.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All temporary electrical distribution cables and equipment is 110 volt and wired into an earth leakage circuit breaker. (ELCB).
b) All sockets are yellow waterproof sockets and are in good condition without any exposed wires and wired by a competent electrician.
c) All transformers and distribution boards are in good condition with all trip switches working properly.
d) A weekly check of all equipment is done by a competent person.
e) Damaged cables are replaced immediately and no temporary joints used.
f) Cables do not trail across access walkway, doorways, stairs etc. causing trip hazards.
g) Cables crossing site roadways are buried in cable ducting.
h) Electrical system is wired through miniature circuit breakers (MCB) to prevent current overload.
i) Cables are kept clear of sharp edges and from underneath doors where they may be damaged.
j) All power is isolated at finishing time.

3.8 TEMPORARY LIGHTING

Hazards
a) Poor lighting to work areas.
b) Poorly lit corridors and stairways.
c) Poor site lighting.
Risks - High
a) Risk of injury form trips or falls.
b) Risk of injury from walking into unseen hazards.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All work areas are well lighted.
b) All stairs and access corridors and walkways are well lighted.
c) Adequate lighting is provided where necessary for safe access around site.
d) All temporary lighting is 110 voltage.
e) All lights and cables are in good condition and suspended properly to prevent causing a trip hazard and from coming in contact with surface water.
f) All lighting circuits are wired through an E.L.C.B. and M.C.B. (see temporary electrics).

3.9 SCAFFOLDING

Hazards
a) Uneven or unstable ground conditions.
b) Poorly constructed scaffold i.e. scaffold not level, not secured or braced properly.
c) Missing planks, handrails and toeboards from platforms.
d) Stacked materials on platform.
e) Working at heights.
f) Damaged fittings, tubes and split planks.
Risks - High
a) Risk of scaffolding collapsing due to unstable ground conditions.
b) Risk of falling from a height causing serious injury or death.
c) Risk of injury from falling materials.
d) Risk of overloading scaffold causing it to collapse and materials to fall.
Risks - Medium
e) Risk of plant on site coming in contact with scaffold causing it to collapse and employees or materials to fall resulting in serious injury or death.
f) Risk of children getting onto scaffold and falling.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Ground is level and not likely to be undermined by any excavation. (Rule of Thumb: scaffolding should be same distance away from excavated edge as the depth of the actual excavation)
b) Timber sole plates are used to spread the weight of the scaffold.
c) Steel base plates and levelling jacks are used to level base.
d) All scaffold sections, tubes and fittings are in good condition.
e) Area around base of scaffold is cordoned off, allowing no access to plant.
f) Warning notices are displayed on scaffolds relating to “Incomplete” and “No Unauthorised use”.
g) No split, knotched or damaged planks are used.
h) All scaffold platforms are fully boarded and when above 2 metres are toeboarded and handrailed.
i) Ladders are provided to all working platform levels during working hours.
j) Trestles are in good condition.
k) Trestles are only used on level ground and are a minimum of 3 planks wide.
l) Scaffolds are firmly braced diagonally in both directions and secured into building every 32 square metres.
m) Any materials stacked above toeboard height protected from falling under the handrail by fitting brick guards or placing a barrier at handrail height.
n) Ladders are in good condition, on a firm footing, at the correct angle of 1metre out to 4 metres up, (75 angle), secured at the top and rising at least 1 metre (3ft) above the platform

3.10 HOUSEKEEPING

Hazards:
a) Broken blocks and rubble.
b) Tie wire from steel fixers and tie wrapping from bales of blocks or bricks.
c) Materials not stacked or stored safely.
d) Waste materials.
e) Waste timber and timber with nails protruding.
f) Flammable waste material. (I.e. Oily cloths or discarded oil cans, etc.)
g) Oil spillages.
Risks - High
a) High risk of slips, trips and falls causing injury.
b) Risk of standing on protruding nails or contact with sharp edges causing serious injury.
c) Risk of fire from flammable waste material.
d) Risks to members of the public where site is beside thoroughfare.
e) Risk of materials being blown around in high winds.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All materials are stored and stacked safely away from access routes or entrances.
b) All access walkways and roadways around the site are maintained free from any rubble, rubbish or any other trip hazard.
c) All work areas are tidied up at the end of each work day.
d) All timbers are denailed immediately.
e) All rubbish is gathered into piles at central locations for daily removal into skip.
f) All tie wire and tie wrapping from bales of timbers are gathered up immediately and not left lying around.
g) All flammable or combustible rubbish such as wrapping from materials, cardboard etc. are skipped immediately.
h) Ensure that stacks of materials cannot be knocked by children.
i) Ensure that children do not have access to any hazardous substance.
j) All flammable liquids or chemicals are to be stored correctly and kept secured at all times.

3.11 LADDERS

Hazards:
a) Unsecured ladders.
b) Unstable footing for ladders.
c) Damaged ladder.
d) Ladder too short.
e) Ladder unsuitable for the work task.
f) Overreaching while on ladder.
g) Ladder at too steep an angle.
Risks - High
a) Risk of falling off ladder causing serious injury or even death.
Risks – Medium
b) Risk of falling materials causing serious injury or even death to personnel below.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All ladders are in good condition before use.(Ladders with damaged or missing rungs, damaged feet or styles shall not be used.)
b) The ladder is suitable for the work.(Remember only light work may be performed off a ladder.)
c) The ladder is erected to the correct angle 1 in 4 (75 angle).
d) The ladder has a natural level and firm footing; (wedges blocks etc. must not be used to level the footing.)
e) Ladders are never placed where there is danger of moving vehicles, overhead power lines or cranes.
f) Ladders are secured at all times and where they cannot be secured a second man foots the ladder.
g) The ladder rises above any platform, floor level or slab at least 1m(3ft).
h) A safety harness is worn and securely attached when both hands are required for a task whilst working from a ladder.
i) There is only one person on a ladder at any one time.
j) Both hands are free when climbing ladder.
k) Any person footing ladder wears a helmet at all times.
l) Ladder stays or similar devices are used to avoid placing ladders against a fragile surface.
m) The area around the foot and top of the ladder is kept free of all rubble, rubbish, materials, trailing cables and any other trip hazard.
n) Ladders are moved to avoid overreaching.
o) Users face the ladder at all times when ascending or descending and be sure footwear is free of mud, grease etc. which could cause a slip or fall.
p) Scaffolding or slab edge does not interfere with your footing when you step on or off the ladder.
q) Ladders are never supported by their rungs and are always secured by both styles.
r) Stepladders are fully opened to permit the spreader to lock and the top two steps are never used.
s) Ladders are removed at finishing time or made safe to prevent climbing by children.

3.12 NOISE

Hazards
a) Noisy Machinery.
b) Ear protection not worn
Risks - High
a) Loss of hearing
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Where possible plant or machinery should be fitted with silencers.
b) Workers must wear ear protection if they have to work in very noisy surroundings.
c) Machinery where possible will operate at less than 85 D.B.A.

3.13 PNEUMATIC POWER TOOLS

Hazards
a) Pressurised air hoses with cut or punctured hoses, damaged from abrasion, heat or chemicals and/or poorly fastened couplings.
Risks - High
a) Break in air hoses causes it to whip/lash around.
b) Dust/grit blown in eyes/faces.
c) Hearing loss from noisy tools.
d) Injury caused by direct contact with pressurised air.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Use only suitable couplings for joining lengths of hoses or making repairs.
b) Check retaining clips on tools.
c) Wear eye and ear protection.
d) Horseplay is not tolerated on site, and can lead to instant dismissal.

3.14 CARTRIDGE TOOLS

Hazards
a) Explosive power source cartridges.
b) Recoil
c) Misfires
d) Ricochet
Risks - High
a) Injuries from recoil.
Risks - Medium
b) Injury or death from ricochet bullets.
c) Eye injury.
Precautions
Ensure that:
a) Only personnel over 18 years of age, to use cartridge tools.
b) Tools to be maintained in good condition.
c) Trained operator is present who understands misfire procedure.
d) Eye and ear protection to be used.
e) Cartridges to suit fixing to base material.
f) Strict control of storage of both tool and cartridge.
g) Refresher training on correct use of cartridge tools to be ongoing and reviewed.

3.15 EXCAVATIONS

Hazards
All work below ground level is dangerous. Excavation work usually indicates the commencement of work but, sadly, it can equally become the termination of life for an employee.Any one, or a combination of the following hazards, can cause accidents:
a) Excavator or person makes contact with underground services.
b) Lack of care in unstable soil.
c) Inadequate protection.
d) Poorly secured protection and insufficient inspections.
e) Lack of care during weather changes.
f) Inexperience of supervisors and workforce.
g) Excavator drivers are not certified competent.
Risks - High
When persons are required to work in an excavation, the risk of collapse and crushing are provided for. A cubic metre of soil weighs over 1 ton and a man buried under this will almost certainly die. The main causes of soil collapse are:
a) Overloading at the edge of the trench, impact of the soil, or its support by moving equipment or materials.
b) Soil movement caused by variations in structure; e.g. sand pockets, etc.
c) Soil movement cause by vibration of moving vehicles or plant.
Risks - Medium
d) Change in soil consistency, brought on by rain or frost.
e) Proximity of a previous soil movement or excavation.
Precautions
Ensure that:
Prior to commencement of work:
a) Work is scheduled so that excavations are not open for any longer then necessary.
b) Check soil types and decide on type of supports required with a competent Engineer/Supervisor.
c) Find, locate and mark all underground services.
d) Ensure adjacent buildings, roads, footpaths and scaffold, etc. are not undermined.
e) Liase with Safety Officer and appoint a competent person to supervise work.
f) Organise suitable plant, equipment and required working space.
g) Provide appropriate protective clothing and equipment
h) Provide suitable barriers.
i) Prevent access especially of children and other members of the public.
While work is in progress:
a) Liase with Safety Officer and competent person regarding inspections and suitable record keeping.
b) Organise a balanced workforce; avoid overcrowding in a trench.
c) Arrange adequate fencing, lights and warnings around the excavations.
d) Arrange safety stops for all site transport near trench areas or excavations.
e) Check regularly for ‘unseen hazards’ e.g. noxious gases and fumes. Install an evacuation procedure.
f) Plan and prepare for safe backfilling activities.
g) Maintain tidy work areas at all times.
General Precautions
Ensure that:
a) All excavations and trenches, and work done in them conform to established standards and comply with The Safety Health & Welfare at work (Construction Regulations 2006). CR9 Forms to be completed.
b) Sheeting, walling and strutting can be carried out with traditional materials or with hydraulic struts. Proprietary support system e.g. hydraulic frames, boxes, etc. can be used.
c) Materials are placed 2 feet or more from the edge of the excavation. Precautions are taken to prevent such materials from falling into the excavation.
d) Excavations 1.25m or deeper are shored or sloped back to the angle of repose. Any excavation in unsuitable soil is shored or sloped back even if less than 1.25m.For deep excavations the sides have to be benched.
e) Each excavation is inspected daily by the appointed competent person. If any hazard exists, all work ceases in the excavation until precautions are taken to safeguard employees.
f) Where vehicles or equipment operate near excavations, the sides are shored or braced to withstand the forces exerted by any superimposed load. Also stop blocks or other substantial barricades are installed at the edges of such excavations.
g) Materials used for sheeting, shoring or bracing are in good condition. Timbers are sound, free of large or loose knots and are of adequate dimensions.
h) Safe access and egress is provided for all excavations by means of ladders, stairs or ramps.
i) Excavations 1.25m or more in depth have ladders spaced so that employees’ lateral travel does not exceed 10m.Such ladders extended at least 1m above grade level.
j) Walkways or bridges with standard handrails are provided where employees or equipment are required or permitted to cross over excavations or trenches.
k) Safe systems of work are devised for all stages or excavations and adequate supervision maintained.

3.16 INTERACTION BETWEEN PUBLIC TRAFFIC AND SITE WORKS

Hazards
Where site is situated beside a public road, public traffic may cause hazards to site workers by disobeying warning signs, not able to understand them, travelling at high speed, not able to see workers especially in poor light conditions or through affects of glare from sun or other lights.
Site operations, road works and machinery may cause hazards to road traffic and other road users.
Risks - High
a) Risk of serious injury to employees if struck by passing vehicle.
b) Risk of serious injury to employees if struck by flying stones or Chipping’s.
c) Risk of injury caused by collision of site vehicles due to excavations, uneven surfaces, and unprotected sides of gradients etc.
d) Risk of injury and or damage to passing vehicles due to excavations, uneven surfaces, unprotected sides of gradients etc.
Precautions
a) The Contracts Manager will be in charge of the project and the Site Agent will deputise in his absence.
b) Before any work, in close proximity to public roads, or affecting passing traffic in any way commence, a Traffic Layout Plan will be prepared and submitted to the relevant Local Authorities i.e. Corporation/Council for approval. This plan will take into consideration type of road, sight lines, prevailing traffic, poor visibility, glare from sun and headlights, and heavy or wide loads.
c) Warning, directional and other signs, cones, barriers and other traffic control devices will be selected from the layout plan well in advance to ensure their availability before work commences.
d) All signs, cones and other control devices will be erected in sufficient quantities in accordance with the plan and maintained in clearly visible condition as far is reasonable practicable throughout their use.
e) Signs will be covered at times when they are not to apply.
f) Temporary road surfaces and ramps where necessary will be kept in as good a condition as practicable.
g) All site machinery will have hazard warning beacons and lights when working on or near road areas.
h) Workers will wear high visibility reflective jackets when working on or near the road.
i) Flashing warning lights are provided and maintained during hours of darkness.
j) Any mud or other debris shall be frequently cleaned off road surfaces.
k) Site Management in co-operation with the Site Safety Officer shall inspect on a regular basis the road hazards/warnings put in place to ensure they are effective in reducing Safety, Health and Welfare risk.

3.17 PLANT & MACHINERY

Plant used by this company falls into different categories.
Mobile Plant:
Powered plant, which may be used in one area for a time but constantly moving such as J.C.B./fork lifts, bulldozers, teleporters, dumpers, tractors, etc.
Static Plant:
Powered plant which is static but which may be moved at different times to other areas of the site such as mixers, compressors, pumps, welding machines, saw benches, etc.
Manual Mechanical Plant:
Which are manually operated but uses leverage etc., such as bending machines, jacks, winches, etc.
Hazards
a) Congestion caused by moving plant around active work areas.
b) Driving over rough areas or false ground.
c) Speeding of mobile plant on site.
d) Revolving shafts, spindles, pulleys and projections from those.
e) Revolving cutters, saws and planers.
f) Whiplash from winches may seriously injure workers.
g) Cables, hoses, etc. may be damaged by being driven over or pulled against sharp edges.
h) Plant in poor condition.
i) Inexperienced operatives.
j) Inhalation of dust and fumes.
k) Drivers of plant reversing with restricted view.
Risks - High
a) Collisions or accidents caused by mobile plant while in use.
b) Injuries to workers while moving static plant and machinery.
c) Damage to electrical cables while moving plant.
d) Injuries to workers while operating manual mechanical plant.
e) Improper guards/electrical supply maintained due to the constant moving of machinery.
Precautions
a) Regular Safety Inspections will take place.
b) Defective and unsafe plant will be removed or demobilised until repaired.
c) A site speed limit will be established where necessary and will be strictly adhered to.
d) Emergency repairs will be safe and permanent repairs carried out as soon as possible.All repairs will be carried out by authorised personnel.
e) Hired plant and equipment will be checked before use.
f) Guards will be in position and secure on all machines.
g) An electrician will connect electrical supply when it is required to power a mobile machine, or to be re-connected when a machine is moved.
h) Dump trucks, J.C.B.’s, teleporters etc. should have clearly audible reversing horns.
i) Workers will wear high visibility reflective jackets when working on site.
j) Hoses, pipes and cables will be kept clear of moving plant.

3.18 TRANSPORT VEHICLES

There are many hazards which do not normally exist on public roads:
Hazards
a) Driving on steep gradients or slopes.
b) Driving on made-up roads which may subside.
c) Manoeuvring vehicles around where people are working.
d) Tipping into an excavation.
e) Overloaded lorries.
f) Driving over rubble or other materials.
Risks - High
a) Serious injury from overturned vehicle.
b) Workers may be crushed by vehicle.
Risks – Medium
c) Workers may be struck by materials that fly when driven over.
Precautions
a) Plan temporary routes for transport with safety in mind.
b) Vehicles will be kept in good repair. Lights, steering, handbrake and footbrake will function efficiently.
c) All drivers will be over 18 and have the appropriate full driving licence.
d) Drivers will know the gradients on which their vehicles can be operated without overturning.
e) Drivers will not manoeuvre vehicles on site unless they have an unrestricted view or the assistance of a signaller.
f) Stop blocks or some other suitable barrier will be provided to ensure that tipping into an excavation can be carried out safely.

3.19 CONCRETE PIPE LAYING

Hazards
a) Lifting tackle i.e. chains, slings, ropes, hairpin lifting devices, may break allowing pipes to drop on workers.
b) Slewing pipes into position.
c) Workers being struck by pipes while being lowered or lifted.
d) Overhead powerlines.
e) Exceed safe working load of lifting equipment.
f) Weils Disease.
g) Hands and feet may be crushed between pipes during laying.
Risks - High
a) Risk of serious injury to workers from being struck in the side of the head if pipe swings while being slewed into position.
b) Risk of electrocution if excavator comes into contact with an arched power line during pipe laying.
Risks – Medium
c) Risk of serious injury or death due to failure of lifting appliances, which may result in pipe falling on workers.
d) Risk of serious injury if pipe load exceeds S.W.L. of lifting appliances.
e) Risk of death if Weils Disease is contracted through contact with rat urine during pipe laying.
f) Risk of serious bone fractures or crushing if trapped between ends of pipes during laying.
Precautions
a) Keep test certificates for all lifting machinery and tackle showing its safe working load, and the arrival or six monthly examination reports.
b) All overhead cables will be rendered harmless where possible or warning devices will be provided.
c) Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment will be provided to guard against Weils Disease. Personal Hygiene will be top priority before meals. Adequate washing facilities will be provided to guard against the risk of infection.
d) Appropriate training to guard against the disease will be given.
e) Pipes will be placed at right angles to the trench to avoid rolling in.
f) All pipes will be chocked or wedged to prevent rolling.

3.20 DEMOLITION/REFURBISHMENT

Hazards
a) Sudden collapse of structure due to supports being removed.
b) Contact with services such as electricity, gas, steam, sewers or dangerous substances.
c) Encountering asbestos, lead point, excessive dust particles and fibres.
d) Disposal of rubbish or waste.
Risks – High
a) Electrocution or explosion caused by a collision with a gas line or underground electrical cable.
b) Airborne asbestos fibres if accidentally broken up during demolition.
c) Tripping, slipping or falling over rubble or discarded waste material.
Precautions
a) All work will be tendered for or negotiated in accordance with the approved standards.
b) On all sites where demolition work of any kind is to be carried out, the company Safety Officer will be involved at the earliest stage to assist in the preparation of Method Statements etc., and will also be asked to carry out any sampling and monitoring of hazardous substances where necessary.
c) A full detailed Method Statement will be drawn up with the details of a programme of the works, the methods to be used, plant, safe systems of work, special requirements for dealing with health hazards, precautions and sequence of work etc.
d) The Site Manager and Foreman will ensure that protective measures of the safety of the public or visitors on site shall be provided and maintained. These measures must take into account the prevention of accidents, especially to children.
e) All plant used on demolition sites will be suitable for demolition work and will be provided with any necessary safeguards to protect the operator.
f) When carrying out preliminary procedures, the following must receive special attention:
The location and disconnection of any services into the site. Confirmation of disconnection in writing must be requested from the appropriate service authority.
The existence of any hazardous substances, e.g. asbestos, lead painted steelwork, etc. on site must be determined from the document s provided and from physical survey of the site, carrying out any sampling required.
g) Health monitoring will be provided if required when working with asbestos or involving the flame cutting of paint or steel, where the paint is likely to contain lead. (Reference: Regulation 4 (7), 1998 Lead Regulations; 1993 Regulations (Protection of workers) (Exposure to Asbestos) (Amendment) Regulations)

3.21CONFINED SPACES – Biological/Chemical Risk

Hazards
a) Poor lighting to work areas
b) Congested work area
c) Poor air quality
Risks – High
a) Asphyxiation of workers in confined spaces
b) Injury due to dangerous chemical gases or vapours
Precautions
a) All personnel in this area to have confined space training if required
b) All personnel in this area to be authorised by Permit to Work System (See Appendix j)
c) Safety officer will carry out a full risk assessment of the area
d) Proper rescue equipment will be available
e) All personnel to be informed of the hazards present and of the mitigation measures being put in place
f) All rescue equipment to be certified and tested on a regular basis
g) Personnel working in these conditions for a long period will receive regular health monitoring if requested.

APPENDIX A

ADDITIONAL HAZARDS IDENTIFIED ON THIS PARTICULAR PROJECT
PROJECT:
HAZARD:
RISKS:
PRECAUTIONS TO SAFEGUARD AGAINST RISKS:

APPENDIX B

SITE DETAILS
Project Name:
Address:
Contracts Manager:
Site Agent:
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS:
Doctor & Tel No.:
Ambulance & Tel No.:
Hospital & Tel No.:
Fire Brigade & Tel No.:
Garda & Tel No.:
Health & Safety Authority & Tel No.:
Emergency Assembly Point:

APPENDIX C

ACCIDENT REPORTING PROCEDURE
All accidents are reported to the immediate Supervisor immediately without unreasonable delay.
All injuries received at work are recorded in the Site Accident Book, however minor.
An accident which disables any person for more than three days from performing the normal duties of his employment is also reported on the Accident Report Form (IR1: Appendix M).These forms are provided in Site Office and must be fully completed without unreasonable delay and copies sent to the Director in charge of Construction, and the company Health and Safety Officer immediately.
All serious accidents are reported by phone immediately to the Health and Safety Officer or Director responsible for Safety. All accidents involving injury to any member of the public must be reported to the immediate Supervisor without any unreasonable delay.
The H.S.A. Inspector and the Duty Sergeant of the Local Garda Station must be notified by telephone in the case of a fatality due to any accident or occurrence.
Incidents involving ‘near misses’ which could have resulted in accidents are reported to the immediate Supervisor for investigation who must complete a From of Dangerous Occurrence (IR3: Appendix N), and submit to the Health and Safety Officer.(Near misses are incidents which could have resulted in injury to person or damage to plant, equipment and property).
Any plant, tool or equipment which is suspected of being the cause of, or connected with an accident must not be interfered with until released by the immediate Supervisor.
Article II of the Social Welfare (Claims and Payments) (Amendment) Regulations 1967, requires that any person who suffers personal injury at his work shall give notice of the accident as soon as possible after the accident. The notice may be given in writing or orally and may be given by some person acting on behalf of the injured person.

APPENDIX D

FIRE AND EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES
Step 1: In emergency raise alarm
How to raise alarm
a) Shout and alert all on site
and
b) Telephone appropriate emergency service giving location.
Step 2: If fire or other emergency threatens – attempt to put fire out only if it is a minor outbreak.
Step 3: Evacuation
Immediately proceed to emergency assembly point
Site Management: Bring daily attendance list to assembly point
A roll call will then be held to ascertain if any person on site is not at assembly point.
Step 4: Contract Manager or deputy will liase (if required) with Fire/Emergency services.
Step 5: All will remain at assembly until All Clear or other instruction is given by emergency services.

APPENDIX E

METHOD STATEMENT REQUIREMENTS
1. Title i.e. Method Statement for
2. Work Location (e.g. Where on Site?)
3. Description Of Work
4. Statement Of Who Will Carry Out Works (Including Details Of Person In Charge)
5. Sequence Of Work Elements
6. Risk Assessment For Each Element
7. Safety Control Measures For Each Element
8. List Of Resources (Operatives, Plant, Materials)
9. Duration Of Work (Including Start, Date And Time)
10. Any Services at Risk (Electricity, Gas, etc.)
Note: Under 7. Above – the following must be considered:
a) Safe Access b) Any Protection Systems Necessary c) Protection for Work Force Involved d) Protection for Other Workers Adjacent e) Protection for Public (including signs) f) Emergency Planning g) Any Training Required for Personnel h) Explanation of Method Statement to Personnel Involved.

APPENDIX F

DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY
To assist in the safe performance of our duties, Dolmen Contracting operate a strict policy of no alcohol and no drugs in the workplace. No alcohol or drugs will be tolerated on site. Anyone who presents themselves for work under, or apparently under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be refused entry into the workplace.
For their own safety, that of their own workmates and members of the public, any member of staff believing that another is under the influence of alcohol or drugs should report that to their direct supervisor immediately.
Drugs supplied by a medical practitioner or chemist may still affect safety performance and the employee’s direct supervisor must be informed of that circumstance.

APPENDIX G

SAFETY INDUCTION TRAINING RECORD FORM
Project Name:
Address:
Date:
Description of training given:
Training given by:
Signature:

APPENDIX H

PERSONAL PROTECTION REGISTER FORM
Hard Hats
Gloves Hi Vis Vests
Boots Other Signature

APPENDIX I

HARNESS INSPECTION SHEET
Name Date issued
ID No. Results Signature
APPENDIX J
CONFINED SPACE PERMIT
DATE:
PERMISSION GIVEN TO:
TO USE (specify type of plant):
AT (specify exact location):
START TIME (proposed):
DURATION OF WORK (expected):
NOTE: This permit expires at (time) on the same day.
CONDITIONS:
SIGNATURE OF PERSON ISSUING PERMIT:
SIGNATURE OF CONTRACTORS PERSON IN CHARGE 0FCONFINED SPACE ENTRY:

APPENDIX K

SPECIALISED TRAINING RECORD FORM
Project Name:
Address:
Date:
Training Type:
Description of training given:
Training given by:
Signature:

APPENDIX L

HOT WORK PERMIT
DATE:
PERMISSION GIVEN TO:
TO USE: (Specify type of Plant):
AT (Specify exact location):
START TIME (Proposed):
DURATION OF WORK (expected):
NOTE: This Permit Expires at (time) on same day.
CONDITIONS 1. Fire Watcher on Standby 2. Both Fire Watcher and Hot Worker have had nearest Fire Alarm/Telephone pointed out to them and have been told what to do in the event of a Fire. 3. There are no combustible liquids, vapours, gases or ducts present.
4. All combustible material has either been removed or suitably protected against heat and sparks. 5. When work has been completed – area will be checked immediately after Hot Work. 6. Area will be checked again 1 hour after Hot Work
SIGNATURE OF PERSON ISSUING PERMIT:
SIGNATURE OF CONTRACTORS PERSON IN CHARGE OF HOT WORK OPERATION: